Archives de catégorie : What

What are these memories

The place of absence and the spaces of the absent: the legacies of the 20th century (de)population movements in Europe and beyond

CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris
Thursday 24th and Friday 25th March 2022

Jeudi 24 mars

12.30 – 14.30
This panel is organised is the case of the seminar “Mémoires et patrimonialisations des migrations” of the EHESS.

Neža Čebron Lipovec,University of Primorska – Koper/Capodistria, Slovenia – “Intertwined metamorphoses: modern architecture and population change in postwar northern Istria”. 

Petra Kavreč, Universty of Primorska – Koper/Capodistria, Slovenia – The absence of the “other side” of the territory. The territorial discontinuity with the new Yugoslavian-Italian border.

14.30 – 15.00 : Café

15.00 – 16.30

Maria Kokkinou, CEFRES- Prague – Before and after them: spaces of refuge, spaces of expulsion in Eastern Europe through the example of the refugees of Greek civil war 

Ewa Tartakowsky, CNRS- Institut des sciences sociales du politique – Nanterre, France – Auschwitz: a research in times of pandemic

17.00 – 18.30

Cornelia Eisler, BKGE – Oldenburg, Germany – A present absence. Germans from Eastern Europe and the expellee museums in West Germany.

Olga Sezneva, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands – Lost-And-Found: The Poiesis of Home in a Dispossessed Land. Tales from Königsberg-Kaliningrad.Vendredi 25 mars

9.30 – 11.15

Elena Soler, Charles University – Prague, Czech Republic – Long-lasting ethnicized silences and the imagined (national) community: reflections on a new theoretical approach

Nadège Ragaru, CNRS/CERI – Sciences Po Paris, France – Seeking Jewish Survivors from Northern Greece in the 1960s: West German Magistrates and the Transnational Story of a Quest for Traces

Katja Hrobat Virloget, University of Primorska – Koper/Capodistria, Slovenia – The silence as absence in Istria. Memory and forgetting of the Istrian exodus, the past and future

11.15 – 11.30 :  Café

11.30 – 12.45

Michèle Baussant, CNRS/ CEFRES – Prag, Czech Republic – What absences shape memories of the colonial displaced?

Catherine Perron, FNSP/CERI – Sciences Po Paris, France – The place of the loss. Expulsions and lost homelands in the German memorial landscape.

14.30 : Round Table

Yael Navaro, University of Cambridge, Cambrigde UK
Antonela Capelle-Pogacean, FNSP/CERI – Sciences Po Paris, France
Evelyne Ribert, CNRS – IIAC, Paris, France

Responsables scientifiques : 
Catherine Perron, FNSP/CERI – Sciences Po Paris
Michèle Baussant, CNRS/ CEFRES
Katja Hrobat Virloget, University of Primorska

Space(s) and Politics of Memory: Roma Holocaust in the Czech Republic


December 10, 2021, at 10.30


Yasar ABU GHOSH, assistant professor, Charles University, Faculty of Humanities


Alenka JANKO SPREIZER, associate professor, University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities

Nikola LUDLOVÁ, PhD candidate at Central European University and CEFRES

Proteus webinar organized by

Petra Kavrečič, assistant professor, University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities

Felipe Kaiser Fernandes, PhD candidate at IIAC EHESS-CEFRES-FHS, Charles University

Meeting ID: 450 714 1898

Passcode: 681515

Reconstructing Loss: Jewish Spaces in the Middle East and Beyond

MESA 2021

Times are displayed in (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada) (UTC-04:00 Daylight) Change

11/29/2021 | 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM

Most Jewish communities from the Middle East experienced a loss of their former homeland, the dissolution of community structures, and at times are even unable to return to their places of origin. This geographical and psychological separation lends memories and spaces of the past special significance. This panel proposes a framework for the experiences of remoteness that have shaped and are shaping Middle Eastern Jewish communities. While focusing on specific countries such as Egypt, Iran or the Italian diaspora, the panel will present how space–either its recollection or new formation–serves to constitute present identities and communities. Infrastructures that remained in the regions where Jews lived, that were built and inhabited by them, have not just material but also symbolic impact on how the former home is remembered. Spaces, buildings, and maps are representations of constantly morphing narratives of identity, in which different actors are involved with different objectives. Methodology The analysis is twofold: first, it focuses on former Jewish homes, graveyards or synagogues, and how they live on in the present. Secondly, it presents the discursive spaces that evolve when these spaces are visited from or recreated in the diaspora. Spatial structures formerly or newly assigned as “Jewish” are imbued with changing meanings over time. The discussion includes a historical background of the places under consideration, the circumstances of leaving and return, as well as interviews with individuals regarding their memories of and relation to particular spaces. The results point to multiple ways of how space is part of creating meaning from a distance, or a meaningful present in the diaspora. This will enable a better understanding of how communities of Middle Eastern Jews locate themselves in their new homelands, how and what they remember, including tensions arising from competing forms of remembrance and identification. The panel introduces a new approach to the historiography of Middle Eastern Jewish communities by looking at the strategies of dealing with loss as a form of agency in the process of coming to terms with the old and new homelands. In order to understand contemporary Middle Eastern Jewish identities, different sites should be included: besides the individuals who left, the socio-political dynamics in their former and new homelands are involved in inscribing different meanings to the sites under consideration, providing a bigger picture of the issues at stake in the process of identity and community formation across time and space.

Michele Baussant


Displaced memories without traces and traces of the past without memories: the legacies of Egyptian Jews in and out of Egypt We often assume that history begins with material traces and that these traces are the basis for asserting that something has happened. What occurs, however, when a population …Read More

Monica Mereu

University of Cagliari

Oudlājān Memories: from a Communitarian Neighbourhood to a Placeless City My contribution aspires to give a narrative form to the history of the internal migration of the Tehrani Jews, who used to live in the old Jewish quarter of Tehran (Oudlājān)  …Read More

Ariane Sadjed

Austrian Academy of Sciences

The Meaning of Space: Contested Histories of Jewish neighborhoods in Iran This paper deals with the meaning of space in constituting Iranian-Jewish history. I will approach it from two aspects: first, from the place of origin, that is where Jewish c …Read More

Piera Rossetto

University of Graz

Mind the Map: Locating Invisible Jewish Migrations

Staged Otherness

Late nineteenth century staging culture and the promise of thrilling strangeness.

The cultural phenomenon of exhibiting non-European people in front of European audiences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries occurred mainly in the metropolises of the western part of the continent. Nevertheless, travelling ethnic troupes and temporary exhibitions of non-European people could also be seen in Central and Eastern Europe.

The exhibition offers a variety of representations related to the public practice of ethnographic shows within the Russian, German and Austro-Hungarian Empires – today’s Russia, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Czechia, Slovenia – and presents the reactions of local audiences.

Dagnosław Demski @
Dominika Czarnecka

The exhibition is one of the results of the Inscenizowana inność. Ludzkie odmienności w Europie Środkowej, 1850–1939 (Staged Otherness: Human Oddities in Central Europe, 1850–1939) research project, funded by the National Science Centre, Grant No. UMO-2015/19/B/HS3/02143.

The project, led by Dagnosław Demski from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, was conducted between 2016 and 2021. In addition to the exhibition, the project also yielded a book—Demski Dagnosław, Dominika Czarnecka eds. 2021. Staged Otherness: Ethnic Shows in Central and Eastern Europe, 1850–1939. Budapest–Vienna–New York: CEU Press;more and two English-language special issues in academic periodicals, East Central Europe, vol.47/2020, nos. 2–3, thematic issue edited by Dagnosław Demski, Dominika Czarnecka, Kamila Baraniecka-Olszewska; more and Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, vol. 64/2019, no. 1, thematic issue edited by Izabela Kopania; more

© 2021
Copyright for use of the illustrations presented in the exhibition, which has been granted to the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences on the basis of single use for scientific and educational non-commercial use, belongs to the institutions from which the collections come.

+ Archive of the Naprstkovo museum, Prague
+ Archive of the Zoological Garden, Wrocław
+ Archive of the Zoological Garden, Poznań
+ Collection of the Russian State Library, Moscow
+ Collection of the Аleksey Shusev State Museum of Architecture, Moscow
+ Collection of the Leo Tolstoy State Museum, Moscow
+ Cyryl. The Virtual Museum of Poznań’s History. Roman Trojanowicz collection
+ Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books, University of Latvia Academic Library
+ Kraków Ethnographic Museum
+ Musée du quai Branly (picture modified by Ludomir Franczak)
+ National Archive of the Czech Republic
+ National Museum Prague
+ Private Collection of Natalya Germanova, Rostov-on-Don
+ Radauer Collection
+ The State Archive in Łódź

Contact details:  
Dagnosław Demski @
Dominika Czarnecka @

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology,
Polish Academy of Sciences link
Zespół Etnografii Relacyjnej
(Relational Ethnography Team) link

Ces journées d’étude viennent couronner un programme de collaboration franco-chilien ECOS SUD/ANID (n° C17H01 2018-2021) portant surLa construction nationale à l’épreuve de l’ « Étranger » : Incarnation / incorporation, reproduction et déconstruction des traumatismes historiques à l’échelle de l’État, l’individu et la nation. Durant quatre années, réunions, séminaires, ateliers, et colloques ont jalonné le programme, faisant émerger des pistes d’investigation croisées et une analyse comparée des figures de l’Etranger en divers contextes de migration, de part et d’autre de l’Atlantique. Dans le même temps, ils ont aussi favorisé une mise en partage et un questionnement sur les manières de faire et penser la recherche aujourd’hui. Plus que jamais, le monde « académique » se trouve confronté à des processus de globalisation, à la fois des modalités de sa mise en œuvre, et de ses financements. Chercheurs et chercheuses ont chaque fois plus à répondre, en amont, pendant et après la recherche, de leurs objets, enjeux et stratégies de recherche, devant des comités de pairs et d’experts de tous bords –y compris en management– et, de manière fondamentale aujourd’hui, devant les personnes qui ont elles-même collaboré sous des formes variables aux différentes phases de la recherche.
Le partage d’expériences et de perspectives qui a jalonné ce programme ouvre ainsi sur une ultime mise en débat, celle d’une dimension méta-réflexive sur nos pratiques de recherche. Nous la mettons ici en partage non seulement entre les membres des deux équipes mais aussi des membres du Centre Norbert Elias et des invité-e-s extérieur-e-s, autour de tables rondes, format convivial par excellence.

17 novembre 2021

13h45-14h00 : Accueil des participant.e.s

14h00-14h15 : Mots de bienvenue et présentation Centre Norbert Elias (Axelle Brodiez-Dolino, CNRS-CNE)

14h15-14h30 : Introduction : présentations du programme Ecos-Anid + programme des Journées d’Études (Véronique Bénéï, CNRS-CNE et Maria Emilia Tijoux, Universidad de Chile)

14h30-15h15 : Keynote « Des migrations stigmatisées aux migrations privilégiées : un parcours de recherche à travers 150 ans de mobilité transnationale » (Mélissa Blanchard, CNRS-CNE)

15h15-16h10 : TABLE RONDE 1 – Cadres généraux de la Financement, « gouvernance », « management »
– María Emilia Tijoux (Universidad de Chile)
– Axelle Brodiez-Dolino (EHESS-CNE)
– Daniela Jacob (EHESS-CNE)
Modératrice : Carolina Kobelinsky (CNRS)
16h10-16h25 : Pause
recherche :
16h25-17h20 : TABLE RONDE 2 – Relations d’enquête, enjeux éthiques et modalités de consentement
– Constanza Ambiado (Universidad de Chile)
– Claudia Carillo (Universidad de Chile)
– Mélissa Blanchard (CNRS-CNE)
– Carolina Kobelinsky (CNRS – LESC) Modératrice : Maria Kokkinou (CEFRES)

17h20-17h35 : Pause

17h35-18h15 : Présentation du livre : Racismes, Corps, Attentes. Figures de la migration en contexte contemporain, coordonné par Véronique Beneï (CNRS- CNE) et Maria Emilia Tijoux (Universidad de Chile)

18h15-19h00 : Présentation du film de Morgana Planchais, Comment on va dire ? (22’) et débat avec la réalisatrice

18 novembre 2021

11h-12h30 : Balade patrimoniale (Association Guides 13)

14h00-14h45 : Keynote « Autour de la déconstruction des héritages coloniaux et raciaux. Une lutte entre des formes de visibilité ? » (Ivan Trujillo, Universidad de Valparaiso, chercheur Fondecyt)

14h45-15h40 : TABLE RONDE 3 – Colonialité en héritage(s)
– Iván Trujillo (Universidad de Valparaiso, chercheur Fondecyt)
– Vinicius Kauê Ferreira (Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) – Rachida Brahim (Université d’Aix-Marseille)
Modératrice : Charlotte Grégoreski (EHESS – Universidad de Chile)

15h40-15h55 : Pause

16h00-16h55 : TABLE RONDE 4 – Partages de la recherche, restitution, enjeux d’écriture

Intervenant.e.s :
– Ricardo Amigo (Universidad de Chile)
– Filippo Furri (Université de Montréal) – Camillo Léon-Quijano (CNE) Modératrice : Véronique Bénéï

17h05-17h20 : Pause 17h20-18h00 : Clôture



Location: Monday, 11th of October 2021, Faculty of Humanities University of Primorska, Titov trg, 5, Koper-Capodistria, Levant 3

09:00 ‒ 10:50

Opening and welcome addresses

MIRJAM MILHARČIČ HLADNIK (ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana): The new town Nova Gorica on the new border and the old routes of migration – Memories of defection and the imaginings of “new” life. 

ALEKSEJ KALC (ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana, University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria): Society and immigration in Slovenian coastal towns in the 1950s. Some reflections on research approaches. 

KATJA HROBAT VIRLOGET (University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria): The discourse of urban vs. rural, social relations and heritage in Istrian urban society before and after »exodus«.


11:10 ‒ 12.50

MICHÈLE BAUSSANT (CNRS, CEFRES (USR3138, CNRS, Mae), Prague, ICM Fellow): A place that changes its place: Alexandria, between place and milieu of memory

ŠPELA LEDINEK LOZEJ (ZRC SAZU, Institute of Slovenian Ethnology, Nova Gorica): Under the Campanilles of Saint Marco vs. Town withou Bell Towers.

MARIA KOKKINOU (CEFRES, Charles University, Prague, postdoctoral fellow): Persistent memories of transformed spaces.


14:30 ‒ 16:00

JANJA SEDLAČEK: The role of the Port of Koper in economic and social transformations of the city of Koper after the second world war.

NEŽA ČEBRON LIPOVEC (University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria, postdoctoral fellow): The bathtub quest: The living standard and ideological discourses in the modernisation process of housing in post-war Koper/Capodistria

Discussion / Conclusions

The conference will discuss historical, memory, and heritage questions related to violent and / or silenced pasts related to mass migrations and changing of national borders in a comparative way. After the political reorganization of Europe in 1945, North Africa and other former colonial countries, expulsions or massive emigrations of ethnic minorities were performed. They were considered the “losers” of history, their towns became “home” to other populations that did not necessarily have bonds to the place and cultural heritage of the previous populations. The researchers will discuss silenced and conflict memories, contested heritage discourses, appropriations and interruptions of histories along with questions of changeable national/ethnic borderlands’ identities. Case-studies in a comparative perspective will be presented, from the creations of new towns in a social and material dimension and the tangible, visual traces of post-colonial worlds and the different topographies and memory layers in transit shaped by colonial migrations and independence exiles.

In Slovenia two study-cases will be compared, both relied to the change of Italian-Yugoslavian border after WW II in a multiethnic environment: Nova Gorica as a newly created socialist city, built vis-a-vis and instead of the historical regional center of Gorica, which remained on the Italian side of the state border, and the Istrian towns, from where the majority of the Italian-speaking population emigrated, and was replaced by newcomers from Slovenia and other parts of Yugoslavia. Two cases of specific and differently perceived urban, social and cultural reorganization.

On a different case study, the example of Egypt and the traces left by the different populations that left the country, in particular the Jews, will provide an opportunity to develop a reflection on the heritage of absence. Through this case, the aim is to develop a more general reflection on the weight of the past in the present, notably through the issue of the recovery of Jewish heritage and vacant properties, and on the choices of present regarding the past, through the erasure of buildings, traces and post-signs of memory.

The conference, organized by Katja Hrobat Virloget, Aleksej Kalc, and Michèle Baussant, is the result of two joint research projects, the Slovenian-French bilateral Proteus project entitled “Pasts without history and displaced histories of people without traces” (Baussant, Hrobat Virloget) and the Slovenian SRA project “Migrations and social changes in a comparative perspective: the case of Western Slovenia after WW II” (Kalc) from University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria, ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana and CNRS, CEFRES, Prague.


MIRJAM MILHARČIČ HLADNIK (ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana):

The new town Nova Gorica on the new border and the old routes of migration – Memories of defection and the imaginings of “new” life.

In Yugoslavia and Slovenia, the period between 1947 and 1963 was characterized by closed borders, minimal opportunities for legal emigration and severe control of the mobility of people. The estimated numbers show that of all those who left the country illegally in this period around 75% were young people below the age of 25. Young people wanted to leave the country for political, economic, social and cultural reasons as well as a general resistance to political control, economic hardship, cultural deprivation and social exclusion. The presentation of seven testimonies about the defection and other types of youth emigration from Slovenia/Yugoslavia after the second world war is focused on their agency and reveals the diverse combinations of intimate, personal reasons for the decisions. The common circumstances were not only the political repression and economic non-development but also the existing transnational networks of support and migrants’ social capital. It is obvious that the illegal emigration of young people was deeply embedded in already established “migrancy” and the old routes of migration.

ALEKSEJ KALC (ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana, University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria):

Society and immigration in Slovenian coastal towns in the 1950s. Some reflections on research approaches

The paper will discuss some questions on archival sources for the study of the repopulation and the reconstruction of the social fabric in Slovenian coastal towns of Koper, Izola and Piran after the »exodus« of almost all of the Italian inhabitants in the 1950s. This population transfer and replacement entailed a radical change in etnhic as well as cultural fisiognomy of the area. From the point of view of historical research this also poses several methodological issues and questions about the usage of archival sources for gaining the insight into the immigration movement.

KATJA HROBAT VIRLOGET (University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria):

The discourse of urban vs. rural, social relations and heritage in Istrian urban society before and after »exodus«.

The paper will reflect on the stereotypical discourse of urban, civilised vs. rural, barbaric and the way it changed through time due to the social and ethnical changes in the urban Istrian communities from the time before “exodus” to the time after it. The paper will show some findings on the processes of immigrations and immigrants’ identities, reflecting also on the social relations in the old and new urban Istrian society, where the orientalising discourse can be clearly visible. Linked to the social and ethnical changes in the urban Istrian communities a reflection will be made on the valorisation of urban heritage and place attachment of the old and new inhabitants. A reflection will be made on the attitude of the new inhabitants towards the material reminders of the unknown or alternative past.

A place that changes its place: Alexandria, between place and milieu of memory.

This conference deals with the heritage of absence and the construction of presence through the case of Egyptian Jews. This community almost disappeared from the country along with other minorities for more than fifty years. Despite the transformation of its landscapes, its eviction from the country, the long-term absence of a discourse concerning the Jewish past of Egypt, some part of its history and material heritage is reemerging and preserved, in situ and abroad. In contrast, other parts are silenced notably for fear of compensation claims.  

Based on multi-sites fieldwork in Egypt and many countries Egyptian Jews settled, on interviews and observations, my communication will focus on the resurgence today of crossed and parallel social constructions of the presence and absence of the Jews and Egyptians, both in Egypt and abroad and by Jews and Egyptians: in return trips in Egypt, in social media, newspapers, cinema, official heritage initiatives, publications, or exchanges between Egyptians and Egyptian Jews on the internet and via Facebook.  My objective is to highlight how, why, for whom the Jewish (and Egyptian) past sticks to the present for populations separated for decades or not directly concerned. My concern is to understand how this past became something people can relate to, despite the gradual erasure of its landscapes and the disappearance of the Egyptian Jewish community within and outside Egypt.

ŠPELA LEDINEK LOZEJ (ZRC SAZU, Institute of Slovenian Ethnology, Nova Gorica):

Under the Campanilles of Saint Marco vs. Town withou Bell Towers.

The author makes initial reflections on the heritage-making in Koper, and Nova Gorica, resulting from the migration flows after the Second World War.

Drawing on the work of Sharon MacDonald (2012, 2013), the author first differentiates different modalities of the past in the present – memory (individual and collective), nostalgia, historical consciousness, past presencing, tradition and heritage(-making). Following the recent critical heritage studies (e. g., Smith 2006, Harrison 2013, 2020), she understands heritage not as a passive process of preserving things from the past but as an “active process of assembling a series of objects, places and practices that we choose to hold up as a mirror to the present, associated with a particular set of values that we wish to take with us into the future“ (Harrison 2013: 4).  The choice, what is and what is not heritage, is usually determined by state administration and various expert assessments embedded in power relations, where it is difficult to acknowledge dissonant subaltern heritage claims and initiatives.

In the second part, she provides a brief overview of the entries in the Register of the immovable cultural heritage for the towns of Koper and Nova Gorica and outline their heritage-making dispositifs, which are strategic socio-technical and/or bio-political assemblages “composed of various people, institutions, apparatuses (dispositifs) and the relations between them” (Harrison 2013: 35).

MARIA KOKKINOU (CEFRES, Charles University, Prague, postdoctoral fellow): 

Persistent memories of transformed spaces.

Tiehonin was a place of recovery for refugees from the Greek civil war who found a home in the Czech Republic. It was originally a military place, a barracks that was made available to patients with heavy disabilities, and it operated as such, under the auspices of the Czechoslovak Red Cross, for six years (1955-1961) before it became a barracks again. How does memory “remake” the past of the spaces, when the traces of the latter fade away? Through photos and stories about Tiehonin, this presentation aims to elaborate a preliminary reflection on the memory of the past through photographic traces that show “what has been”, (Barthes 1980:133) and perhaps it is no longer.


The role of the Port of Koper in economic and social transformations of the city of Koper after the second world war.

After 1947 and especially after 1954, when the Free Territory of Trieste was dissolved, the north Istrian city of Koper went through significant political, economic, social, and cultural changes. The processes of emigration, followed by immigration were taking place in the city, accompanied by the processes of formation of new political, economic, cultural, and social reality.

In decades, following world war II, Koper industrially blossomed. In the time 1948-1975 it among all the Slovene municipalities showed the second-largest progress in the number of industrial workers relative to the number of all citizens.

One of the most important generators of this industrial development without a doubt was the Port of Koper. But the Port of Koper was not only a factor of economic growth, but in many ways, it was also an important factor of social and cultural changes in the city of Koper. It attracted a working force from the Slovene as well as other parts of the Yugoslav territory. Although at the beginning energy and financial resources were mostly directed into building and growing of facilities, the Port of Koper eventually became an important local investor, building apartments for families and residencies for the single workers from other Yugoslav republics, investing in education and sport, etc.

The presentation will therefore focus on the unique story of the building and early development of the Port of Koper and its role in social and cultural changes in the city and will do so mostly through the lens of those, who were actively involved in the life of the Port of Koper – through memoirs of the two long-term directors and the internal bulletin.

NEŽA ČEBRON LIPOVEC (University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria, postdoctoral fellow):

The bathtub quest: The living standard and ideological discourses in the modernisation process of housing in post-war Koper/Capodistria

The contribution stems from archival documents of the Regional archive in Koper, related to building projects, which provides precious data on the living standard in the contested city of Koper in the early post-WWII period (early 1950s), still during the buffer-state Free Territory of Trieste. In the analysis, we will relate one particular report on living standard in the historic town with the then contemporary building projects of new housing, within which a major dispute arose about the norms and standards of furbishing new dwellings. Using also other relevant sources, such as newspaper articles of the time, we shall investigate the underlaying ideological and political discourses. In the spirit of the micro-history approach, the contribution represents a reflection, or reading, of this tiny local reality with the help of the lefebvrian trialectics of production of space. 

Walking through the spaces/traces of the past(s)

A Proteus Webinar

July 2, 2021, at 10:30, in english


Gruia Bădescu, Research Fellow, Zukunftskolleg,
University of Konstanz

Olga Sezneva, the Amsterdam Institute for Social
Science Research (AISSR), University of Amsterdam

Proteus webinar organized by

Neža Čebron Lipovec (University of Primorska)

Maria Kokkinou (Charles University, CEFRES)

with the collaboration of

Felipe Kaiser Fernandes (CEFRES, EHESS)

Johana Wyss (CAS, CEFRES)


Link to participate in the webinar

Date: 9th – 11th of June 2021
Venue: Villa Lanna, Prague and online, you will find the links below.
Language: English

Please find the full argument of the Conference and the list of the participants here. 


Wednesday 9th of June 2021

Link to join the webinar:
ID: 813 5797 9512

17:00 – 17:20: Welcome remarks by CAS representatives and CEFRES representatives

17:20 – 18:30: Keynote: Legacies of Forced Displacements and the Burden of Implication in the 21st Century by Johana Wyss, CAS / CEFRES

18:30 – 20:00: Evening reception 

Thursday 10th of June 2021 – First day of the Workshop

Link to join the webinar:
ID: 860 4318 6862

8:30 – 9:00: Registration

9:00 – 9:10: Welcome by the organizers & housekeeping

9:10 – 9:20: Introduction by Michèle Baussant

9:20 – 10:50: Panel 1, Dissonant Heritages: Victims, Bystanders and Unrecognized Heroes

Talking about Jews in Poland: An interactional, ethnographic perspective,Thomas Van de Putte, University of Trento

Salonica – Thessaloniki: Holocaust survivors & memories of absenceKateřina Králová, Charles University

Unrecognized Heroes and Conflicting Historical HeritageMichal Pavlásek, Czech Academy of Sciences

Chair, Evelyne Ribert, IIAC, CNRS, EHESS, ICM fellow

10:50 – 11:20: Break (30 minutes)

11:20 – 12:30: Panel 2, Politics of National Identity and Vivid Memories

Newcomers in Czech Western Silesia 1945-1960: Between « old » and « new » identityOndřej Kolář, the Silesian Museum in Opava

Contested heritage of Istria. Between conflict nationalisation processes, identity foundations and bridgesKatja Hrobat Virloget, University of Primorska

Chair, Rose Smith, Charles University

12:30 – 13:40: Lunch Break (70 minutes)

13:40 – 15:10Panel 3, Unmaking Belonging, Making “Internal Strangers”

Namibian Czechs – their identity and search for homeKateřina Mildnerová, Palacký University Olomouc

Memories and relationship to otherness in contemporary Portuguese society: The case of displaced populations following the independence of African coloniesIrène Dos Santos, URMIS, CNRS, Université de Paris, ICM Fellow

“And then they all left.” Recollection of forced migration and negotiation of the past in three-generation families of Germans in the Czech Republic,Jana Nosková, Czech Academy of Sciences

Chair, Kateřina Čapková, Czech Academy of Sciences

 15:10 – 15:30: Break (20 minutes)

15:30 – 17:00Panel 4, Memoryscapes of Displacements

Landscape and the memory of loss and absence in Germany, Austria and Czech Republic, Paul Bauer, Charles University

Contested heritage and progressive nostalgia in the urban centres of northern Istria, Neža Čebron Lipovec, University of Primorska

Saving German heritage in Central Europe: discourse, praxis, challenges. Mapping patrimonialisation efforts around Podersam/ Podbořany, Catherine Perron, CERI-Sciences Po

Chair, Anežka Brožová, Charles University

18:30 – 21:00: Evening Reception

Friday 11th of June 2021: Second Day of the Workshop

Link to join the webinar: ID: 844 4007 6725

9:00- 9:10: Opening of the second day

9:10 – 10:20Panel 5, Sites of Memory Without « milieux de mémoire »

Returning as a minority experience? A comparison between Albanians and Jews in Greece during the first decade of the 21th century, Pierre Sintès, Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, TELEMME, Aix-en-Provence, France

An absence that still matters:  Jews in Egypt and Egypt inside the Jews,Michèle Baussant, CEFRES, ISP, CNRS, ICM Fellow

Chair, Barbora Spalová, Charles University

10:20 – 10:40: Break (20 minutes)

10:40 – 11:50: Panel 6, Relating to the Past of Displacement: When “History” and Remembrance Begin with Artefacts

Displacement of the sources: The circulation of historical documents during the post-WWII decades, Máté Zombory, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Greek exiles, communist legacies and heritages of waiting in the Czech Republic and Central Europe, Maria Kokkinou, CEFRES, Charles University

Chair, Filip Herza, Czech Academy of Sciences

11:50 – 12:20: Closing remarks Michèle BaussantMaria KokkinouJohana Wyss

12.30 – 13:30: Farewell lunch


 Et les Juifs bulgares furent sauvés… ». Une histoire des savoirs sur la Shoah en Bulgarie

mercredi 12 mai 2021, de 15h à 17h

Webinaire Tandem
organisé par Michèle Baussant (CEFRES, CNRS)
avec la collaboration de Johana Wyss (CEFRES / Institut d’ethnologie AV ČR) et de Maria Kokkinou (CEFRES / FSV UK)

Presentation in English de l’ouvrage de Nadège Ragaru :  « Et les Juifs bulgares furent sauvés… ». Une histoire des savoirs sur la Shoah en Bulgarie . Académique. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2020

Profondément originale dans sa conception comme dans son écriture, cette enquête historique est une réflexion exemplaire sur les silences du passé. Lire la suite

Exception en Europe, un État allié du Reich a refusé de déporter sa communauté juive. Cette image de la Bulgarie pendant la seconde guerre mondiale a prévalu jusque récemment, quitte à omettre que, dans les territoires de la Yougoslavie et de la Grèce occupés par ce pays entre 1941 et 1944, la quasi-totalité des Juifs ont été raflés, convoyés vers la Pologne et exterminés.

Au terme d’une vaste enquête documentaire et archivistique, Nadège Ragaru reconstitue l’origine de ce qui a longtemps été tenu pour un socle de faits vrais parce que largement crus. Elle explique pourquoi une seule facette d’un passé complexe et contradictoire a fait l’objet d’une transmission prioritaire ; comment les déportations, sans être oblitérées, sont devenues secondaires dans les discours publics, les musées, les livres d’histoire et les arts ; comment la mise en écriture des persécutions contre les Juifs en Bulgarie s’est retrouvée l’otage de la guerre froide puis des luttes politiques et mémorielles de l’après-communisme dans les Balkans et le reste du monde.

Profondément originale dans sa conception comme dans son écriture, cette enquête historique est une réflexion exemplaire sur les silences du passé.


Nadège Ragaru (Directrice de recherche, Sciences Po Paris, Ceri-Cnrs)


Rika Benveniste (Professeur, University of Thessaly, Grèce)

Jan Grabowski (Professeur, University of Ottawa, Canada)

”And so the Bulgarian Jews were saved…” Researching, Retelling, and Remembering the Holocaust in Bulgaria.

12 May 2021, 14h-16h

Webinaire Tandem, organized by Michèle Baussant (CEFRES, CNRS) 

Presentation in English of the book:  « Et les Juifs bulgares furent sauvés… ». Une histoire des savoirs sur la Shoah en Bulgarie . Académique. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2020

Bulgaria was an exception; a state allied with the Reich that refused to deport its Jewish community. This image of Bulgaria during WWII has persisted until the present day, overlooking the fact that in the Yugoslavian and Greek territories occupied by this country between 1941 and 1945, almost all the Jews were rounded up, sent to Poland, and exterminated.

The result of a vast documentary and archival investigation, Nadège Ragaru has pieced together the origins of what was long assumed to be factual because it was widely believed. It explains why a single aspect of a complex and contradictory history was emphasized in the transmission of history. She shows how the deportations, although not expunged, were considered secondary in public discourses, museums, history books, and the arts. She looks at how writings on the persecutions of Bulgarian Jews became caught up in the Cold War and then the political and memorial struggles of the post-communist period in the Balkans and the rest of the world.

Deeply original in its approach and in its style, this historical investigation is an exemplary reflection on the silences of the past.


Nadège Ragaru (Research Professor, Sciences Po Paris, Ceri-Cnrs)


Rika Benveniste (Professor of History, University of Thessaly, Greece)

Jan Grabowski (Professor in History, University of Ottawa, Canada)

plus d’infos

Lieu : en ligne, retransmis en direct sur la page Facebook du CEFRES
Ou sur Zoom, pour recevoir le lien du webinaire, veuillez contacter Claire Madl : claire(@)
Langue : anglais

Journée d’étude – États, Empires, Migrations – 19 et 20 mai 2021

Le GROC (Groupe de recherches sur les ordres coloniaux) a l’immense plaisir de vous annoncer la tenue future de la journée intitulée : États, Empires, Migrations.

Après une très longue préparation et un report dû à une certaine pandémie, cette journée se tiendra les 19 et 20 mai 2021. Initialement prévue entre les murs de l’université Le Havre-Normandie, cet évènement sera accessibles à distance. Afin de pouvoir y assister et contribuer à ses échanges, il est nécessaire de nous écrire, dès maintenant, à :

Cette journée est organisée par plusieurs membres du GROC, intéressé.e.s par l’étude des phénomènes migratoires : Vincent Bollenot (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) ; Aliénor Cadiot (EHESS) ; David Leconte (Université Le Havre-Normandie) ; Sara Legrandjacques (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) ; Hugo Mulonnière (Université Paris Nanterre).

C’est en novembre 2019 que nous avions commencé à faire connaître notre appel à communication (ici). Nous y définissions ainsi notre projet :

« Lors du colloque international, Historiographies sans frontières. Les migrations internationales saisies par les histoires nationales (XIXe-XXe siècles), organisé à Paris le 4 octobre 2011, Philippe Rygiel, spécialiste de l’histoire des migrations, dressait le bilan de l’historiographie française de l’immigration depuis ses débuts dans les années 1980. Au sujet de la prise en compte de l’Empire par les français, il déplorait que : « Nous avions un petit peu oublié que la France avait été un empire dans les années [1980] et [1990]. » Ce constat ne signifiait pas que les travaux français antérieurs aux années 2000 ne voyaient pas les migrant.e.s originaires des territoires sous domination française présent.e.s sur le territoire hexagonal, particulièrement dans la première moitié du XXe siècle. Il signifiait plutôt que l’Empire n’était pas au cœur du questionnement et de la réflexion de ces chercheur.e.s. La situation changea à partir des années 2000. Les migrations coloniales étaient alors étudiées par le prisme du territoire métropolitain : celui-ci faisait office de point d’arrivée tandis que les possessions ultramarines de la France constituaient des terres d’émigration . Peu de travaux prirent le parti inverse d’étudier les colonies comme des territoires d’immigration. En 2013, à l’occasion d’un ouvrage collectif faisant la synthèse de plusieurs décennies de recherche sur les empires coloniaux des XIXe et XXe siècles, Pierre Singaravélou, spécialiste de l’empire colonial français, présenta un bilan des travaux étudiant les migrations au sein de ces empires. La tendance s’inverse alors : les métropoles ne sont, ici, pas incluses comme territoires d’immigration et leurs rôles dans l’organisation des flux ne sont pas abordés. Par conséquent, ces deux approches montrent bien l’insuffisance de discussions entre les deux historiographies. Et pourtant, le croisement entre ces deux historiographies permettrait d’ouvrir de nouvelles pistes afin de les renouveler mutuellement. À travers trois journées d’études entre 2020 et 2021, nous souhaitons explorer l’une de ces pistes au moyen d’une thématique commune à ces deux traditions de recherche, celle de l’État. En effet, les États se sont imposés, dès les premières colonisations, comme des acteurs centraux, bien que non-exclusifs, des migrations impériales, à travers la mise en place de cadres législatifs, incitatifs ou répressifs, notamment.

Ces journées ont donc pour ambition de nourrir une réflexion ne se limitant ni à l’État et à l’empire français ni aux flux migratoires reliant les colonies à leur métropole. Il s’agit plutôt de considérer ces circulations de personnes dans toutes leurs configurations : les colonies furent aussi des terres d’immigration, les migrant.e.s n’étaient pas originaires uniquement de la métropole, et la colonisation ne commença pas au XIXe siècle. Cette approche globale est à long terme, puisqu’elle s’étend du XVIe au XXe siècle, doit permettre d’évaluer et de mesurer la pertinence d’une spécificité impériale quant aux migrations et à leurs régulations en faisant appel à des comparaisons inter- et intra-impériales. »

Nous sommes heureux et heureuses de pouvoir désormais vous présenter le programme de cette journée et ses contributeur.rice.s.

Axe I. Discipliner les migrations

Animé par Vincent Bollenot (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) et Aliénor Cadiot (EHESS)

Théophile Lavault (Université Paris-Est Créteil), « La conquête des cœurs et des esprits » : un dispositif militaro-pastoral

Magali Bigaud (Université d’Amiens et de Brest), Encadrement par l’État français des migrations impériales en direction du Cambodge : enjeux coloniaux et postcoloniaux

Pascal Bonacorsi (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), La fabrique du « colon désirable » : L’administration préfectorale et la gestion des demandes d’emplois outre-mer (1890-1920)

Axe II. Colonies-Métropoles, des migrations spécifiques

Animé par Vincent Bollenot (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) et Sara Legrandjacques (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Romain Landmeters (Université Saint-Louis-Bruxelles), Des migrants d’un genre colonial à Bruxelles. Les étudiant.e.s dans les années 1950

Aliénor Cadiot (EHESS) et Hugo Mulonnière (Université Paris Nanterre), Algériens, Marocains et Tunisiens en métropole durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale : Encadrer les « Nord-Africains » sous Vichy

Axe III. Identités de papiers et contrôle de la migration

Animé par David Leconte (Université Le Havre-Normandie) et Hugo Mulonnière (Université Paris Nanterre)

Fanny Malègue (EHESS), Les habitants et les autres : Projet colonial, mobilités intra-impériales et enregistrement bureaucratique dans les Amériques françaises aux lendemains de la guerre de Sept Ans (seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle)

Nicolas Ribeiro (Université de Nantes), « Un modèle de passeport » pour contrôler la circulation des habitants des colonies françaises des Petites Antilles durant la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle : un dispositif voué à l’échec

Baptiste Mollard (Université Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines), Une rencontre avec l’État ? : Les demandes de cartes d’identité et d’autorisations de sortie du territoire des Algérien·nes auprès du Gouvernement Général (1947-1962)

Vous pouvez consulter le programme en détail dans le lien suivant :2021.05.19-20-Programme-Journee-etude-États-Empires-Migrations